Gum Disease Causes And Symptoms

Gum Disease: Causes And Symptoms

A bleeding gingiva, which is swollen or which is easily colored, should be of interest to you. The diseases that affect the gums are common and they even become the main oral problem in adults. 

It is important to know that the gums are protective: they support the teeth and protect the tissues that attach teeth and jaw. If your gums are not healthy, there is a risk of losing your teeth and generally, altering your health. If you suppose to have any of the gum diseases, there are some very simple solutions to apply. 

What is a gum disease? 

The disease is an inflammation of the tissues that hold the tooth. This inflammation is due to the accumulation of bacteria between the gums and the teeth.  At the beginning of the disease, we speak of gingivitis (when only the gums are affected). When the bones surrounding the tooth are affected, it is called periodontitis. This disease affects 80% of adults.

Gums bleeding: how to treat them? 

There are two types of bleeding: 

  • Recurrent bleeding: this is usually gingivitis of bacterial origin . Bacteria settle on the tooth surface and create plaque. The gum is weakened and this can cause haemorrhage 
  • Acute bleeding: Bleeding can also be occasional without you having an infection. 

When a gum bleeds, it is usually a bacterial inflammation. Plaque should be removed using a dental spray or brushing teeth more regularly. A tartar toothpaste will be preferred to prevent plaque or the use of an antiseptic mouthwash.  If the bleeding continues, it would be best to consult your dentist. 

Swollen gums or inflammation of the gums: the solutions? 

A swollen gum is also a symptom of gingivitis. Dental plaque is usually responsible in this case.  Adopt a good oral hygiene to limit the infection and consult a dentist. Do not stay with swollen gums if the problem persists.

What if my gum whitens? 

If your gums turn white and you have fever and pain , you probably have herpetic gingivistomatitis . This disease affects young children in general. It is caught by contagion and especially saliva or sneezing.  The whitish gums can also be a sign of anemia, if you feel tired. 

Black gum: an emergency? 

If your gums get black, there may be a case of necrosis or cell death. In this case, it must act quickly not to cause a loosening of the tooth. Therefore immediately consult in this case the. 

Red gum, what does that mean? 

Symptoms of gingivitis include: 

  • Swelling of part of the gum 
  • Sensitivity to touch
  • Bad breath
  • Light or heavy bleeding during brushing. 

And also gums that blush. Plaque has turned into tartar and only your dentist can fix it. 

White point or button on the gum 

Do you feel a pimple or a point on the gum? There are several possibilities that can explain this dubious appearance. This is usually an abscess or fistula. A fistula is an orifice through which a flow leaves. The abscess is purulent and is due to an infection. Take an appointment immediately with the dentist if you see the appearance of a pimple or white spot on your gum. 

What are the factors that increase the risk of having gum pain? 

Gum pain is caused by dental plaque but it is not the only thing responsible. Indeed, the consumption of alcohol, smoking or taking certain medications can cause pain in the gums. In conclusion, it is important to act quickly if you notice bleeding when you brush your teeth, for example, or if your gums appear swollen. This is not normal and you should consult a dentist if problems persist. 


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